Pad foundations are a form of spread foundation formed by rectangular, square, or sometimes circular concrete ‘pads’ that support localized single-point loads such as structural columns, groups of columns or framed structures. … Pad foundations can also be used to support ground beams.
Pad foundations are used to support an individual point load such as that due to a structural column. They may be circular, square or react angular. They usually consist of a block or slab of uniform thickness, but they may be stepped or hunched if they are required to spread the load from a heavy column.